What is Farsightedness?
is the common term describing eyesight that is blurry in close objects , but clear when you look at anything in the distance. About 20% of people suffer farsightedness. Hyperopia is a common type of refractive error where distant objects may be seen more clearly than close objects. However, people experience hyperopia in different ways. Some people may not notice any problems with their vision, especially when they are young. For people with significant hyperopia, vision can be blurry in objects at any distance.
The hypermetrope, focuses the image behind the retina and not directly on it
. This could be due to several reasons: the eye of the hypermetrope patient is shorter than usual, the cornea is smaller... Farsightedness may appear alone or along with astigmatism.
Farsightedness appears in most newborn children
because of the poor development of their optic system, although it is usually corrected during the growth process. If the problem were not corrected, this could lead to other pathologies such as the lazy eye or strabismus
. It is very important to detect hyperopia in children in time to correct it. Periodic eye examinations
are very important during childhood.
In most cases, hyperopia is a hereditary optic refraction problem
. In patients over 40 years, farsightedness should not be confused with presbyopia, which is another visual refractive defect usually caused by age.
Types of hyperopia
There are three types of hyperopia: congenital hypermetropia, simple hypermetropia and acquired hypermetropia.
- In congenital hypermetropia one eye is abnormally small. This type of hypermetropia is not common.
- Acquired hyperopia is a very common hyperopia. It usually occurs in those cases in which the lens has been removed after a cataract operation. Hypermetropia may also be acquired after an eye injury, eye disorders such as lens misplaced (aphakia)...
- Simple hyperopia is very common. It is a continuation of childhood hyperopia that has not been detected over time. Most children usually have farsightedness when they are born. As the child grows, the length of the eyeball increases and farsightedness often disappears. If the hyperopia persists in the child, it is called simple hyperopia (one eye has not grown enough). Early detection is very important, because if it is not corrected, it can provoke different pathologies such as strabismus.
In Oftálica we use Lasik surgery to correct hyperopia in Alicante
How is hyperopia corrected?
A timely examination is imperative. However, there are several treatments that correct this problem
. Our specialists use different surgical techniques to treat hyperopia, such as Lasik surgery
(use of a laser to reshape the cornea) or an intraocular lensimplantation
. Laser refractive surgery corrects vision without placing any foreign objects in front of or inside the eyes. The ophthalmologist will be the one who, after evaluating the results of the previous tests, decides which is the best treatment for to the patient.