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What is Myopia?

A patient has myopia when his or her eye does not refract light properly and, as a result, does not see images clearly.

When myopia is present, near objects are seen clearly, but distant objects are perceived as blurred. This is because the eye focuses images in front of the retina instead of on the retina.

Myopia causes visual acuity deficits and can lead to headaches, strabismus, visual discomfort and eye irritation.

Myopia can develop in childhood, between 6 and 8 years of age, and usually stabilizes by the age of 18.


The onset of myopia occurs during childhood and culminates in adulthood. Symptoms may include headaches, eyestrain, straining to see well and problems focusing on distant objects.

In children it is usually manifested by:

  • Having difficulty in seeing what is written on the blackboard
  • Reading with the book nearby
  • Sitting near screens

Indicated treatment

Myopia can be corrected using the Lasik refractive surgery technique. This laser surgery modifies the shape of the cornea to restore the patient’s correct vision.

In other cases, professionals will use other surgical techniques, such as intraocular lens implantation, which consists of placing a lens in the eye without replacing the natural crystalline lens.

Also, the easiest way to correct myopia is through glasses and/or contact lenses.


The treatment to correct myopia through surgery eliminates the use of glasses and contact lenses permanently.

In this way, the eyesight is corrected and the images that enter through the eyes are focused correctly.


Dr. José I. Belda

Dr. Enrique Chipont

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