What is Hyperopia?
Unlike myopia, the patient has poor near vision. About 20% of people suffer from farsightedness, and when this optical anomaly exists, objects at closer distances appear blurry or unclear.
The farsighted person focuses the image behind the retina and not directly on it, so the information perceived by the eye is not sharp and clear.
In most cases, farsightedness is an inherited optical derefraction defect and in children it is very important to detect it early in order to correct it.
There are three types:
- Congenital hyperopia: occurs in those cases in which one eye is abnormally small, although this type does not occur frequently.
- Acquired hyperopia: usually occurs in cases where the crystalline lens has been removed after cataract surgery.
- Simple hyperopia: is a continuation of childhood hyperopia that has not regressed with the passage of time. It is a continuation of childhood farsightedness that has not receded with the passage of time.
As with other refractive pathologies, such as myopia, it is important to visit an ophthalmologist periodically to monitor its evolution.
It is advisable to have a check-up every year, especially in children and people over 40 years of age.
The main symptoms are:
- Eye fatigue
- Blurred near vision
- Move objects away to see
- Redness of the eye
There are several treatments that correct this problem. Glasses or contact lenses can be used, but they do not serve as a definitive solution to the problem.
At Oftálica Alicante, our specialists use different surgical techniques to treat hyperopia, such as Lasik surgery (use of a laser to reshape the cornea) or the implantation of an intraocular lens.
Laser refractive surgery corrects vision without the need to place any foreign object in front of or inside the eyes.
However, the ophthalmologist will be the one who, after evaluating the results of the complete study previously performed on the patient, will decide which treatment is best suited to the patient.
These surgical treatments are used to eliminate or correct different ocular pathologies by reshaping the cornea, adjusting the focusing ability of the eye, and also correcting hyperopia definitively.